Tips and advice

Wash your baby

Is it necessary to bathe your baby every day?

It is important to "clean" your baby every day.

When is the best time to give your baby a bath?

You can give your baby a bath at any time of the day, even though it’s best not to do so after a meal. Try to pick out a quiet time in the day, being flexible with changing circumstances. A bath in the evening is definitely also a good idea.  The warm water will cause your baby to relax and as a result sleep better at night.

What temperature should the bathwater be?

Babies feel most comfortable in water that is about 37 °C.  Bathwater that is too warm can lead to itchiness. The elbow test is very effective since the skin on that part of the body is very sensitive. Special bath thermometers can also be purchased to get the temperature right.

How do you hold your baby when bathing them?

Hold your baby firmly under the armpits, so that their head rests on your forearms and you have a good hold on them.

What should I consider when drying my baby after a bath?

In order to avoid your little one catching a cold, make sure to immediately dry your baby after giving a bath.  It’s best to do this by gently patting them down with a soft bath towel. Make sure to dry in between their folds of skin too.

For how long can my baby stay in the bath?

Do not allow your baby to stay in the bath for too long (max. 5 minutes), as this will reduce the chance of skin dryness.

Here’s how you go about caring for your child’s skin.

1. Wash your hands before treating your baby’s skin.

This makes the process extra fun.

Turning it into a game is a good idea, for both of you. Make sure to have your baby’s favourite stuffed animal or toy within reach.

How often should you wash your baby’s head?

Babies sweat, and that can sometimes cause crust to form on the forehead and scalp. So it’s a good idea to wash your baby’s head a few times a week, despite that your child probably doesn’t have much hair. Starting from 4 to 5 weeks old, you can use a shampoo that doesn’t sting their eyes.

How do I wash my baby’s hair?

Wet the baby’s hair using a washcloth and then gently massage a little shampoo into the hair.

Care for your baby

How often should you clean your baby’s ears?

It’s certainly not necessary to clean them every day. Ear wax has a cleansing function and naturally removes debris from the ear passages. Trying to clean the ear passages yourself will increase the risk of infections.

How do you clean a baby’s ears?

Be careful when cleaning the baby’s ears. Do NOT use cotton buds (on a rod e.g. Q-tips) to clean your baby’s ears! You may only clean the outer and inner parts of the outer ear itself using a ball of cotton wool soaked with water or oil. Even if you can see quite a bit of ear wax in the ear, you must leave it alone. Ear wax is the body’s natural protection for the eardrum.

How often should you clean your baby’s nose?

It’s not necessary to do so every day.

How do you take care of your baby’s nose?

Carefully clean your baby’s nose with a piece of cotton soaked in water or physiological solution. This will allow you to remove the dried matter in the nose. Your baby will “blow” their nose on their own by sneezing every now and then. Never use a cotton bud (on a rod e.g. Q-tips).

How often should you clean your baby’s eyes?

It’s not necessary to do so every day. If you notice that your baby’s eyelashes are sticking together or if there is fluid production, it’s a good time to clean the eyes.

Umbilical stump? Navel? How do you deal with the stump?

For the first few days after birth, the umbilical cord clamp that closes the baby’s umbilical stump has to stay in place. The umbilical stump usually falls off within 15 days after birth. The navel is the scar that remains.

Why clip your baby’s nails?

Your child’s nails are just developing and are not as hard and strong as ours. They’re really just a thin layer, even though they can already be quite sharp. By clipping the nails you can avoid injuries or infections caused by scratching. But make sure to wait until they are at least about 6 weeks old before clipping their nails. Because the nails are still quite brittle, they can potentially tear when trying to clip them. If your baby already has scratching tendencies anyway, put a pair of cotton gloves on their hands.

Why clean your baby’s genitals?

Extra attention is called for when cleaning the skin folds surrounding the genital area in order to prevent infections.

How do you clean your baby’s genitals?

Girls: wash with water only (no soap needed). It’s important when washing to always make motions from the vagina towards the anus, instead of the other way around. Also check to see that no faeces remain in the vagina. Dry with a soft cloth and make sure to pay extra attention to the skin folds.

Prevent red bum

Change your baby’s diaper 6 to 8 times a day, and use diaper cream preventively. This will prevent diaper rash. Thoroughly clean all skin folds after every diaper change.

Massage your baby

Massaging is Fun!

A gentle massage with your fingers is just as enjoyable to a baby as it is to an adult! You can do so from your baby’s birth and is even recommended starting from 2 months old. Your baby likes it, it calms them and you’re sure to get a few extra giggles.

How do you massage your baby?

Warm him/her up and lay them down on a soft surface. Rub massage oil into your palms. Make sure that your hands are warm. Glide your hands gently over your baby’s body.

Baby with dry and sensitive skin

What happens when your baby’s epidermis is compromised?

How can you tell if your child has sensitive skin?

Your child’s skin is very itchy, has red spots and dries out easily. Errant and scratching fingers then cause the skin epidermis to be compromised even more.

Extra care

Turn it into a fun regular routine.

Tips on clothing

Sweating exacerbates eczema, so make sure not to bundle your little one up too much. Do not use fabric softener and always make sure the clothes are well rinsed.

Any special nutritional requirements?

A special diet is not necessary unless your child is allergic to a certain food or ingredient.

Sun exposure

Children up to 3 years old should not be exposed to the sun.